Bull, the father of human society

Bull, the father of human society

Srimad Bhagavatam Canto 3 (The Status Quo), Chapter 2 (Remembrance of Lord Krishna), Text 29: Sri Uddhava, after being requested by Sri Vidura, narrates Lord Krishna's activities as follows:

स एव गोधनं लक्ष्म्या निकेतं सितगोवृषम्
चारयन्ननुगान् गोपन् रणद्वेणुररीरमत् 
sa eva go-dhanam lakshmya niketam sita-go-vrisham
charaynna anugaan gopaan ranat-venuh-arirmat

"While herding the very beautiful bulls, the Lord, who was the reservoir of all opulence and fortune, used to blow His flute, and thus He enlivened His faithful followers, the cowherd boys."

Srila Prabhupada writes in purport: "According to Smriti regulation, the cow is the mother and the bull the father of the human being. The cow is the mother because just as one sucks the breast of one's mother, human society takes cow's milk. Similarly, the bull is the father of human society because the father earns for the children just as the bull tills the ground to produce food grains. Human society will kill its spirit of life by killing the father and the mother."

At another place, he explains: "According to Vedic literature, when a spirit soul comes to earth to take a human body, he first takes the form of grain. So whoever plows the field is in a sense the first father of a human being."


Chaitanya Charitamrita, Adi-Leela 17 (The Pastimes of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in His Youth), Text 153: Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu tells Kazi:

Chaitanya Charitamrita Adi Leela 17.153

prabhu kahe,—go-dugdha khao, gabhi tomara maataa
vrisha anna upajaye, tate tenho pita

The Lord said, “You drink cows’ milk; therefore the cow is your mother. And the bull produces grains for your maintenance; therefore he is your father."


Of course, for our generation, it's "Father Tractor" but originally, it was Mother Cow and Father Bull....

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